Mexican wine and wine making began with the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, when they brought vines from Europe to modern day Mexico, the oldest wine-growing region in the Americas. Although there were indigenous grapes before the Spanish conquest, the Spaniards found that Spanish grapevines also did very well in the colony of New Spain (Mexico) and by the 17th century wine exports from Spain to the New World fell. In 1699, Charles II of Spain prohibited wine making in Mexico, with the exception of wine for Church purposes. From then until Mexico’s Independence, wine was produced in Mexico only on a small scale. After Independence, wine making for personal purposes was no longer prohibited and production rose, especially in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Many other European immigrant groups helped with the comeback of wine in Mexico. However, the Mexican Revolution set back wine production, especially in the north of the country. Wine production in Mexico has been rising in both quantity and quality since the 1980s, although competition from foreign wines and 40% tax on the product makes competing difficult within Mexico. Mexico is not traditionally a wine-drinking country, but rather prefers beer, tequila and mezcal. Interest in Mexican wine, especially in the major cities and tourists areas (along with the introduction into the US on a small scale), has grown along with Mexican wines’ reputation throughout the world. Many Mexican companies have received numerous awards. Various wine producers from Mexico have won international awards for their products.
The name of Mexico may come from the word mexixin, a cress that grew in the swamplands of Texcoco lake. It was an edible grass that the Aztecs or Mexica survived on as they settled where today lies México City. The name of Mexico entails the origin, history, and use of the name Mexico, which dates back to 14th century Mesoamerica. The Nahuatl word Mexico means place of the Mexica but the ethnonym Mexicatl itself is of unknown etymology. Scholars have suggested "Hare of the Aloes" or a synonym of the war god Huitzilopochtli as possible roots.
Mexico (country) did not name its capital after itself, as in Mexico City—the accepted name internationally—but the converse actually applies. Before Spanish times, the capital was formally named Tenochtitlan, but was the seat of the Mexica Empire which is known as the Aztec Empire.
As far back as 1590, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum showed that the northern part of the New World was known as "America Mexicana" (Mexican America), as Mexico City was the seat for the New Spain viceroyalty. "New Spain" is mistaken as the old name for Mexico, rather than the name of a province of New Mexico that existed during colonial times. Under the Spaniards, Mexico was both the name of the capital and its sphere of influence, most of which exists as Greater Mexico City and the State of Mexico. Some parts of Puebla, Morelos and Hidalgo were also part of Spanish-era Mexico.
Mexico was a barque that was wrecked off Southport on 9 December 1886. She was repaired only to be lost in Scottish waters in 1890.
On 9 December 1886, the Mexico was on its way from Liverpool to Guayaquil, Ecuador when it was caught in a storm. Lifeboats were launched from Lytham, St. Annes and Southport to rescue the crew. The Lytham lifeboat Charles Biggs, which was on her maiden rescue, rescued the twelve crew but both the St. Annes lifeboat Laura Janet and the Southport lifeboat Eliza Fernley were capsized, and 27 of the 29 crew were drowned. To date, this is the worst loss of RNLI crew in a single incident.Mexico came ashore off Birkdale, opposite the Birkdale Palace Hotel.
Sixteen women were left widows, and fifty children lost their fathers. Queen Victoria and the Kaiser sent their condolences to the families of the lifeboatmen. An appeal was launched to raise money to provide a memorial to those killed, and the organisation by Sir Charles Macara of the first street collections in Manchester in 1891 led to the first flag days. The disaster has a permanent memorial in Lytham St. Annes lifeboat house. An appeal has been launched by the Lytham St. Annes Civic Society for the restoration of four of the memorials.
|XET-FM 94.1 (La Caliente) Monterrey, NLE||Latin Hits||Mexico|
|Radio UNAM AM||Talk,Public||Mexico|
|XHFAJ-FM 91.3 (Alfa 91.3) Mexico City, DF||Varied||Mexico|
|XHNP-FM 89.3 (La Grupera) Puebla, PUE||Latin Hits||Mexico|
|XETAP-AM 960 (La Poderosa) Tapachula, CS||Latin Hits||Mexico|
|XEN-AM 690 (La 69) México City, DF||News Talk||Mexico|
|HV 1310 AM esta caliente||Latin Hits,Spanish,World Tropical||Mexico|
|XEPUR La Voz de los P'urhepechas||Talk,World,Spanish||Mexico|
|XET-AM 990 La T Grande Monterrey, NL||Spanish||Mexico|
|XHMEX-FM 104.9 (La Mexicana) Ciudad Guzmán, JAL||Folk||Mexico|
|XEML-AM 770 (La Ranchera) Apatzingán, MIC||Folk||Mexico|
|Adicta FM||World,Latin Hits||Mexico|
|Son por la Tradición||Folk||Mexico|
|XHOJ-FM 106.7 (Máxima 106.7) Guadalajara, JAL||Latin Hits||Mexico|
|Ké Huelga Radio||News||Mexico|
|XES-AM 1240 (La Tremenda) Tampico, TAM||Spanish||Mexico|
|IMER: XEB-AM 1220 México City||Oldies||Mexico|
|Universal Stereo 92.1 FM||80s,70s,60s||Mexico|
|Ke Buena 92.9||Spanish||Mexico|
|XETAR lavoz de la sierra tarahumara||Talk,World,Spanish||Mexico|
|IMER: Radio Ciudadana||Talk||Mexico|
|XELD-AM 780 (Radio Costa) Autlán, JAL||Spanish||Mexico|
|Fórmula Jazz FM||Jazz||Mexico|
|Ultra TV Puebla||Spanish||Mexico|
|XHHEM-FM 103.7 (Milenio Radio) Chihuahua, CH||Varied||Mexico|
|XEZV-AM 800 (La Voz de la Montaña) Tlapa de Comonfort, GR||World,Spanish,Unknown||Mexico|
|XHPOP-FM 99.3 (Digital 99.3) México City, DF||Pop,Latin Hits||Mexico|
|XEPH-AM 590 (Sabrosita 590) Mexico, DF||Latin Hits||Mexico|
|Cafe Romantico||Oldies,Latin Hits||Mexico|
|XEAD-AM 1150 (Radio Metrópoli) Guadalajara, JAL||Varied||Mexico|
|La Mejor 560||Spanish||Mexico|
|Super Radio Sterio||Rock,Pop,Hip Hop,Electronica||Mexico|
|Radio Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan||Classical,Spanish,Public||Mexico|
|XEWR-AM 1110 (Radio Guadalupana) Ciudad Juárez, CHH||Christian Contemporary||Mexico|
|XEETCH La voz de los tres rios||Talk,World,Spanish||Mexico|
|XEHR-AM 1090 (La HR) Puebla, PUE||News,Sports,Talk||Mexico|
|XEL-AM 1260 (La 12-60) Mexico City, DF||News||Mexico|
|XESP-AM 1070 (Radio Noticias) Guadalajara, JAL||News||Mexico|
|XHM-FM 88.9 (88.9 Noticias) México City, DF||News Talk||Mexico|
|Radio Blaseñita||Latin Hits||Mexico|
|XHGTS-FM 107.3 (Música Internacional) Nuevo Laredo, TAM||Top 40||Mexico|
|XEO-AM 970 (NotiGape 970) Matamoros, TA||News Talk||Mexico|
|Panda Show Radio||Comedy,Spanish||Mexico|
|XHW-FM 90.1 (Alegria Mexicana) La Paz, BCS||Latin Hits||Mexico|
|XHAWD-FM 107.1 (Magnetica FM) San Luis Potosí, SLP||Latin Hits||Mexico|